In many parts of our country groundwater is an indispensable resource supporting domestic water supply, irrigated agriculture and industry due to insufficient availability of potable surface water throughout the country. The intensive use of groundwater in the last few decades has raised concerns regarding the potential depletion of the resource, water quality degradation and various hazards. Limitations in the hydrogeologic characterization and understanding of the response of a groundwater system, in combination with the misconception by the public that it is an unlimited water resource, can lead to its inefficient and even wasteful use.
Therefore, groundwater resources play a significant role in providing drinking water. Water Resources Board (WRB) in Sri Lanka, is one of the leading organizations responsible for ensuring the optimum exploration, utilization, development, conservation and protection of the country’s groundwater resources. Therefore, the WRB is mandated with the responsible of regulating the groundwater resources in Sri Lanka as per the Act No. 1964, 1999 Amendment and Gazette notification No. 2010/23 of 16th March 2017.
- Addressing on the EIA, SEA, IEE studies relevant to the groundwater resources impact assessment and necessary guidelines & recommendations for the protection & conservation of the Groundwater resources.
- Communal Conflict resolution on the groundwater resources utilization.
- Monitoring and regulation on the commercial scale groundwater abstractions.